To explore the burden of injury, Minnesota hospital discharge data were used to examine rates and trends of farm injury for the years — Probable cases were defined as E code E Possible cases were based on five less specific E codes primarily involving animals or pesticides.
Multiple data sources were used to estimate the agricultural population. An annual average of over cases was identified as probable , whereas 2, cases were identified as possible.
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Trend analysis of all identified cases indicated a small but significant average annual increase of 1. Probable cases were predominantly male The average age of an injury case was Despite the undercount of less serious injuries, hospital discharge data provide a meaningful data source for the identification and surveillance of nonfatal agricultural injuries.
These methods could be utilized by other states for ongoing surveillance for nonfatal agricultural injuries. Skip to Main Content. Search in: This Journal Anywhere.
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Tesla's Cybertruck launch takes hit as 'shatterproof' windows smash during Bobcat now offers dedicated agricultural telehandlers with lift capacities of 2. The approach to ag-spec machines has been refocused, says European product manager Olivier Traccucci, with the manufacturer now boasting seven models and three levels of specification. This is determined by the number of stars following the Agri designation, starting at one star for the most basic, which fulfils all homologation regulations; two stars, which sees increased operator comfort amenities; and three stars, which includes boom suspension, LED lights and automated features, among other niceties.
Ag handlers are not just construction machines with chevron tyres, Mr Traccucci is keen to insist.
'Serious' farm fire destroys £60, tractor and 45 acres of crops - FarmingUK News
Instead he says the loaders have been designed from the ground up, with the farm-based operator front and foremost in the process. Despite the diminutive dimensions of the range, including an overall height and width of 2. The rest of the range, bar the TL All loaders use the same 3.
Likewise, all loaders use hydrostatic transmissions. To get an impression of the changes made, we got to grips with the TL Capable of hoisting 4. It will also appeal to those who no longer feel they are getting the best out of a 3. The headstock tilt and crowd mechanism has also be redone, with a Z-bar linkage added for the first time.
This has increased the tear out force and strength of the front end, offering seven tonnes of force, the company says.
This certainly shows when loading soil and muck. This setup was also necessary for optimising the use of larger bucket, and now offers degrees of movement, degrees more than the direct linkage of other models, particularly noticeable in the tipping portion where the bottom of the bucket goes beyond the horizontal and back towards the loader.
The auxiliary module has an automatic pressure release system and a volt electrical socket as standard. The rear right corner features a pillarless setup and sweeping curved glass, providing clear views to the wheel. The exhaust is neatly tucked out of the way with the selective catalytic reduction canister hidden under the bonnet. Boom height is also low, complementing the decent all-round visibility. However, in the age of reducing the reliance on plastic, Bobcat obviously did not get the memo, having adorned everything with a particularly cheap-feeling grey material.
It is neither pleasing on the eye or tactile to the touch, and if confronted with a rough operator, it does not look particularly long-lasting either. The interior material is a shame as the cab itself is a pleasant place to be. The joystick and switch gear all feel of good quality, with directional change either through a stalk on the left-hand side of the steering wheel or via the joystick where it is placed on the top.
This makes switching direction and performing another function, such as retracting the boom, difficult, as your thumb has to perform two tasks. It would be better on the underside of the joystick, where the index finger could flick into forward or reverse. Machine parameters, such as lift speed, boom extension rate and auxiliary flow, are controllable through a small screen on the dashboard.
The key to keeping the weight to a minimum is the design of the chassis, which, unlike many telehandlers where two thick sheets of plate are used longitudinally for rigidity, uses a welded box to provide the same tensile strength properties, but at a reduced weight, says the company, as thinner 8mm plate is used.
Heavy-duty axles from Dana-Spicer are used, while the hydraulic pump and hydrostatic transmission are from Casappa and Danfoss. The hydrostatic motor provides two speeds: a low speed for precise movements and a faster one for road travel, as well as dedicated creep function dislocating travel speed from engine rpm. Behind the hydrostatic motor is a two-speed mechanical gearbox offering speeds from kph and kph.
In first gear, full torque is available, making it adept at getting a decent bucketful out of a pile of muck or grain. However, second gear is somewhat lacklustre in its torque availability and struggles to climb banks without a run-up. And although a pick-up hitch is fitted as standard, its use is questionable as the loader struggles on slopes itself, let alone with a trailer in tow. Another niggle with this arrangement is the fact you have to completely stop to shift up or down the mechanical gear, which is controlled by a rocker switch on the dash.
The hp engine has plenty of grunt and is quiet in operation.
The usual host of features keep emissions at bay, including AdBlue, but there is no diesel particulate filter. An ecomode caps engine revs at 1,rpm while maintaining full hydraulic power, but top speed is limited to 35kph. Visibility from the cab is good, however, the interior lets it down. Lift capacity and reach are impressive for a machine of its size, but as is now the case with many loaders, getting near the limit is next to impossible with the EN load limiters.